Because your custom layout has a paginated post element, you’ll want to use the second method for applying your custom layout as a homepage —
How can I add a custom layout built under the “Builder” section as my homepage?
There are two completely separate methods you can do to set the custom layout you’ve built as your homepage.
Method 1: Create your custom layout, apply it to a static page, and then assign that page as your static frontpage under Settings > Reading > Frontpage Displays.
Method 2: Under Settings > Reading > Frontpage Displays, select “your latest posts.” Create your custom layout. Then, go to Appearance > Theme Options > Content > Homepage, and select your new custom layout as the content for the homepage. If you’re using an element in your custom layout that uses post pagination, make sure you use this method.